The dominating grape in this wine region is the Sémillon variety, approx. 80%, besides that is most often Sauvignon Blanc planted for the rest. This combination, often complimented by Muscadelle and Sauvignon Gris, is preferred for the dessert wine in the area, and their susceptibility to Botrytis cinerea is crucial for the wine. Common is that everyone produces similar products wines with a minimum alcohol percentage of 13.

The wine area consists of five communes – Barsac, Sauternes, Bommes, Fargues and Preignac, which are classified into two, called Premier's Cru and Deuxièmes Cru. The wine is most often bought in half size, 37.5cl, and has notes of apricot, honey, and peaches with a sour twist.